A Brief Study About Decantation filtration systems
Decantation filtration refers to the process of separating the mixtures of immiscible liquid from the mixture of solid. Different densities of the liquid can be separated with the help of decantation filtration systems, such as the mixture of the water and oil. In this mixture, the oil is filtered out from the mixture of water and oil with the help of this system. The purpose of using the decantation filtration system is to recover the precipitate and to obtain decant.
The process of decantation filtration systems relies on gravity to take out the precipitation from the mixture. In the working of this system, the liquid is removed by setting down the solid particles at the bottom of the mixture. The basic use of this system is to purify a liquid by separating some other particles from it.
Process of decantation filtration system:
In the process, the solid particle will settle down at the bottom of the container due to the gravitational force. When we remove the liquid by tilting the container, then still the solid particle will remain at the bottom of the container. When the procedure is successfully completed this means that when the substance gets separated from each other then it is known as the decantation filtration system.
Types of decantation:
There are basically two types of decantation that are mentioned below:
- Separation of immiscible liquid: In this type of decantation, the procedure is used in order to separate the two liquids having different densities. Some example includes a mixture of water and oil and various others.
- Separation of liquid-solid: In this type of decantation, the procedure is used in order to separate the insoluble solids from liquids. An example is a mixture of water and mud and various others.
Benefits of decantation filtration system:
There are various benefits of the decantation filtration system. Some of these benefits are given below:
- The process of decantation filtration system is very easy to do.
- You can also do it by yourself as it can be done manually.
- There is no use of other important factors such as pressure, temperature, electricity and various others.
- It is an economical way to separate the two substances form each other.
- It is an easy way to purify the liquid by separating other substances from it.
- Due to its filtration capacities, it is used across the industries for various types of liquids.
- There is no requirement for maintenance. This means that the cost of maintenance decreases.
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